Valhalla High School United S

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2021 Senior Debates- The Assignment Overview

All our skills come together: Analysis of an Argument, Research and Speaking Skills

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Topic Selection

  1. This will be a solo debate
  2. Choose one resolution statement from the list provided
  3. You will be presenting the affirmative (supporting the resolutions) AND you will be presenting the negative (opposing the resolution). You may have to debate positions opposite to your beliefs.
  4. You are now enemies with yourself!

Research

  1. You will have 10 days to prepare for the Final Exit Task Debate.
  2. Use this time to write up your statements and rebuttals.
  1. Remember you MUST know your material (BOTH sides). You must be familiar with the arguments of BOTH sides. Have a counterargument ready to deflect opposite point(s).
  2. The format below may be a helpful way to organize your research findings.

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Organizing Research Sample

Affirmative

Negative

Major Argument 1

Assertion:

Reasoning:

Evidence:

Major Argument 1

Assertion:

Reasoning:

Evidence:

Major Argument 2

Assertion:

Reasoning:

Evidence:

Major Argument 2

Assertion:

Reasoning:

Evidence:

Major Argument 3

Assertion:

Reasoning:

Evidence:

Major Argument 3

Assertion:

Reasoning:

Evidence:

Debate Day: June 3rd by 11:59 P.M.

The schedule below will show you the breakdown in table form.

Debate Timeline:

Affirmative Argument Opening Statements

1 minutes

Negative Argument Opening Statements

1 minutes

Time to gather yourself to begin rebuttal phase

1 minute

Affirmative Rebuttal Statement

1 minutes

Negative Rebuttal Statements

1 minutes

Second Affirmative Statement

1 minutes

Second Negative Statement

1 minutes

Time to gather yourself for final rebuttal and closing statements

1 minute

Affirmative Rebuttal and Closing Statements

1 minutes

Negative Rebuttal and Closing Statements

1 minutes

Key Terms:

Resolution: the main argument- always stated in the positive.

Affirmative: Argues the resolution- tires to prove it correct.

Negative: Argues against the resolution- tries to prove it incorrect.

Rebuttal Phase: Each side will have two chances to present rebuttals which are the statements made by the other side and clear up any confusion surrounding their own arguments



Debate Detailed Timeline: Visualizing Debate Day

Affirmative Argument Opening Statement: This is where you establish your affirmative viewpoint of the resolution and drown your opponents in assertions, reasoning and evidence (ARE). It is a good idea to verbally cite all sources for your evidence since it will build your ethos and overall persuasiveness. One member can talk or multiple members can speak during this time. Remember you will have to stop when time is called. The negative team will be taking notes on the assertions you make so that they can refute them during the rebuttal stage. The negative team will not be able to interrupt your statements.

1 min

Negative Argument Opening Statement: This is where you establish your negative viewpoint of the resolution and drown your opponents in assertions, reasoning and evidence (ARE). It is a good idea to verbally cite all sources for your evidence since it will build your ethos and overall persuasiveness. One member can talk or multiple members can speak during this time. Remember you will have to stop when time is called. The affirmative team will be taking notes on the assertions you make so that they can refute them during the rebuttal stage. The affirmative team will not be able to interrupt your statements.

1 min

Team time for the rebuttal preparation: This will be a “huddle –up” time for teams to quietly discuss and organize their strategies for the upcoming rebuttal phase. During the opening statements each team will have taken notes on the various assertions that were made by their opponents. Hopefully each team will have prepared “They say, But, Because and Therefore” statements in anticipation of their opponents assertions so that they can provide effective counterarguments. Although, not required, separating counterarguments (TBBT) on individual note cards may prove effective since they can be organized on the spot and used during the rebuttal phase as speech note cards.

1 min

Affirmative Rebuttal Statement: During this time one or more members of the team will address the counterarguments made in the opening statements of the negative team. This is where the “They say, But, Because, Therefore- Four Step Method” is utilized. Essentially you are trying to discredit all their assertions. Your goal is to play defense and offensive at the same time (this is why the Four-Step Method is helpful). Hopefully their assertions are not a surprise and you are ready to respond. It is a good idea to verbally cite all sources for your evidence since it will build your ethos and overall persuasiveness.

1 min

Negative Rebuttal Statement: During this time one or more members of the team will address the counterarguments made in the opening statements of the affirmative team. This is where the “They say, But, Because, Therefore-Four Step Method” is utilized. Essentially you are trying to discredit all their assertions. Your goal is to play defense and offensive at the same time (this is why the Four-Step Method is helpful). Hopefully their assertions are not a surprise and you are ready to respond. It is a good idea to verbally cite all sources for your evidence since it will build your ethos and overall persuasiveness.

1 min

Second Affirmative Statement: This is where you solidify your affirmative viewpoint of the resolution and drown your opponents with ADDITIONAL assertions, reasoning and evidence (ARE). It is a good idea to verbally cite all sources for your evidence since it will build your ethos and overall persuasiveness. One member can talk or multiple members can speak during this time. Remember you will have to stop when time is called. The negative team will be taking notes on the additional assertions you make so that they can refute them during the rebuttal stage. The negative team will not be able to interrupt your statement.

1 min

Second Negative Statement: This is where you reaffirm your negative viewpoint of the resolution and drown your opponents with ADDITIONAL assertions, reasoning and evidence (ARE). It is a good idea to verbally cite all sources for your evidence since it will build your ethos and overall persuasiveness. One member can talk or multiple members can speak during this time. Remember you will have to stop when time is called. The affirmative team will be taking notes on the assertions you make so that they can refute them during the rebuttal stage. The negative team will not be able to interrupt your statement.

1 min

Team time for final rebuttal and closing statements: This will be a “huddle –up” time for teams to quietly discuss and organize their strategy for the upcoming rebuttal phase. During the second affirmative and negative statements each team will have taken notes on the various additional assertions made. During this time hopefully each team will have prepared “They say, But, Because and Therefore” statements in anticipation of these additional assertions so that they can provide effective counterarguments. Although, not required, separating counterarguments on individual note cards may prove effective since they can be organized on the spot and used during the rebuttal phase portion of the team’s final two minutes.

1 min

Affirmative Rebuttal and Closing Statement: During this time one or more members of the team will address the counterarguments to the assertions made in the second negative statement speech. Again, this is where the “They say, But, Because, Therefore- Four Step Method” is utilized. Remember, you are trying to discredit all their assertions. Your goal is to play defense and offensive at the same time (this is why the Four-Step Method is helpful). It is a good idea to verbally cite all sources for your evidence, since it will build your ethos and overall persuasiveness. Hopefully their assertions are not a surprise and you are ready to respond. Additionally, you should have a closing message for the audience (jury) prepared. You want to leave time to deliver your final closing thoughts. Your goal throughout this debate is to be passionate, forceful and confident, but most especially remember to use all your most powerful persuasive tactics at the end, it will be the last thing people remember before voting.

1 min

Negative Rebuttal and Closing Statement: During this time one or more members of the team will address the counterarguments to the assertions made in the second affirmative statement speech. Again, this is where the “They say, But, Because, Therefore- Four Step Method” is utilized. Remember, you are trying to discredit all their assertions. Your goal is to play defense and offensive at the same time (this is why the Four-Step Method is helpful). It is a good idea to verbally cite all sources for your evidence, since it will build your ethos and overall persuasiveness. Hopefully their assertions are not a surprise and you are ready to respond. Additionally, you should have a closing message for the audience (jury) prepared. You want to leave time to deliver your final closing thoughts. Your goal throughout this debate is to be passionate, forceful and confident, but most especially remember to use all your most powerful persuasive tactics at the end, it will be the last thing people remember before voting.

1 min

  1. DEBATE RUBRIC 2021
    Criteria Levels of Performance
    D-F C B A
    1. Organization and Clarity: Viewpoints and responses are outlined both clearly and orderly. Unclear in most parts1 5 10 11 12 13 14 pts Clear in some parts 14 15 pts Mostly clear and orderly in all parts 16 17 pts Completely clear and orderly presentation18 19 20 pts
    2. Use of Arguments: Reasons are given to support viewpoint. Few or no relevant reasons given. Fails to support position.1 5 10 11 12 13 14 pts Some relevant reasons given. There may be lapses in coherence.14 15 pts Most reasons given are relevant and conveyed clearly.16 17 pts All relevant reasons given in support and are presented with sophistication and maturity.18 19 20 pts
    3. Use of Examples and Facts: Examples and facts are given to support reasons. Few or no relevant supporting examples/facts. Rarely are sources verbally cited.1 5 10 11 12 13 14 pts Some relevant examples/facts given. Some, but not all sources are clear.14 15 pts Many examples/facts given.most relevant. Most sources are clear and are verbally cited.16 17 pts Insightful and relevant supporting examples and facts given. Sources are clear through verbal citations.18 19 20 pts
    4. Use of Rebuttal: Arguments made by the other side are responded to and dealt with effectively. No effective counter-arguments made1 5 10 11 12 13 14 pts Few effective counter-arguments made
    14 15 pts
    Some effective counter-arguments made
    16 17 pts
    Many effective counter-arguments made
    18 19 20 pts
    5. Presentation Style: Tone of voice, use of gestures, and level of enthusiasm are convincing to audience. Debate and persuasive speaking strategies were not attempted or utilized with competence.1 5 10 11 12 13 14 pts Few debate and persuasive speaking strategies were effectively used
    14 15 pts
    Debate and persuasive speaking strategies were effectively used and most were effective.16 17 pts Debate and persuasive speaking strategies were effectively used.
    18 19 20 pts
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