Part 1 – Please see attachment for the country I reach out to
In your initial post, address the following for each person you attempted to reach out to:
- Who did you reach out to?
- What was your experience with the process including how you found them?
- What were the outcomes?
- Did you successfully connect with them?
- What are the next steps?
- There will be assignments in future modules that build on your new connection but address anything you may be doing with them before then and Do you see ways that this connection will help you going forward in your career? Part 2
- First, read the following:
- Sander, B. (2018). History on Trial: Historical Narrative Pluralism within and beyond International Criminal Courts. International & Comparative Law Quarterly, 67(3), 547–576. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0020589318000027 (Links to an external site.)
- Agozino, B. (2019). The Obama Criminal Justice Doctrine and International Criminal Justice. African Journal of Criminology & Justice Studies, 12(1), i–xvii.
The purpose of this assignment is to provide you with a conceptual basis to analyze criminal justice systems. You will create a timeline of the criminal justice system in one foreign country of your choosing. The results will produce an understanding of the functions of various criminal justice systems and an acute knowledge of the structure, function, and customs of criminal justice organizations. It is suggested that you focus on the country (Australia) that you chose for the Global Networking series of assignments but if you have not finalized your selection yet, you are free to focus on any country that interests you.
- An example timeline for Japan is included below to demonstrate the types of data that you should include:
- The government of Japan underwent changes when the new constitution came into force in 1947.
- The Japanese Constitution contains nine (9) articles that directly affect criminal procedures.
- The public safety commission is responsible for assuring the democratic administration and supervision of police services and the political neutrality of police operations.
- In 1972, the police-population ratio in japan was 1:584.
- In 1975, the rate on convictions for prosecutors in japan was 99.98 percent.
- The new constitution also brought vast changes in the judicial system of Japan. (a) The courts obtained complete independence from the executive and were vested with the authority to determine the constitutionality of laws, order, regulation, and official acts.
- In Japan, there is no plea bargaining. Sting operations can only be mounted with specific crimes involving narcotics and drugs, to conduct wiretaps warrants used by judges are needed and are allowed for only four categories of crimes: narcotics, guns, organized murder and mass human smuggling.
- Expressing remorse is given a lot of weight in the Japanese legal system. Many Japanese lawyers tell their clients to say they committed the crime they are charged with even if they didn’t do it because judges show great leniency towards defendants that express remorse and give out harsh sentences to defendants who insist they didn’t do it. In murder cases expressing remorse can be the difference between a prison sentences and execution.
- In January 2007, police were ordered to pay $5000 to a hotel owner who was forced to step on the names of members of his family—a tactic used to root out Christians in the Edo Period—during police interrogations to extract a confession.
- Japan passed its first freedom of information act in 2000. Before then, ordinary citizens and environmental groups could not gain access to environmental impact studies on project built in their communities. Lawyers, academics and citizen groups had lobbied for the law for 20 years.
- In April 2010, the Diet passed a law that abolished the statute of limitations for murder (it had previously been 25 years) and extended the statute of limitations from 15 years to 30 years for rape resulting in death, from 10 years to 20 years for dangerous driving resulting in death and from five years to 10 years for negligent driving resulting death.
Create a timeline of the history of the criminal justice system in your chosen country. The format of this timeline is up to you so feel free to use whatever tools you are comfortable with. You will be graded primarily on the content of the timeline and not the presentation. Some potential ways of presenting it include but at not limited to:
- Audio Podcast
- Infographic – This option or
- Interactive Webpage – This option