Unit 1 Assignment (25 points): Using information from the required course text, determine each statement to be True or False (T or F).
*For items determined to be false, provide a brief statement (one sentence) explaining why the item is false. Items marked as false that do not have an explanation will receive zero points.
_____ 1. If you believe in continuity, you believe that development is best characterized as following a smooth progression.
_____ 2. According to different forces that operate within the biopsychosocial framework of development, the timing of an event can influence the type of impact it has on a person’s life.
_____ 3. The influence of your family on your behavior would be considered a psychological force.
_____ 4. Self-efficacy focuses on a person’s beliefs about his or her abilities and talents.
_____ 5. Psychodynamic theory is a comprehensive theory that guides our understanding of most all human development and behavior.
_____ 6. Your genotype includes physical, psychological, and behavioral features.
_____ 7. When the chromosomes in a pair are the same, they are said to be homogeneous.
_____ 8. Characteristics such as intelligence and personality are the result of a single gene.
_____ 9. Nonshared environmental influences tend to make siblings in a family more similar to each other.
_____ 10. Damage from teratogens are sometimes not evident until later in life.
_____ 11. Reflexes are learned responses.
_____ 12. The human brain consists of two hemispheres.
_____ 13. Neurotransmitters are released by the terminal buttons.
_____ 14. Of all the senses, the sense of smell is probably the least developed in infants.
_____ 15. Generally speaking, self concept (awareness of self) does not emerges well before the first year of age.
_____ 16. The inability to see the world from any perspective but your own is called egocentrism.
_____ 17. Research shows that infants have no ability to recall past events.
_____ 18. An individual using guided participation would pair up a less skilled student with a more skilled student on some structured activity.
_____ 19. Phonological memory is defined as the ability to recall a visual image after the passage of time.
_____ 20. Newborns appear to have the ability to hear the entire range of phonemes for every language on earth.
_____ 21. Erikson suggested that a proper balance between trust and mistrust can result in the acquisition of hope.
_____ 22. Babies who exhibit avoidant attachment get upset when their mothers leave the room.
_____ 23. Internal working models involve expectations about parental responsiveness.
_____ 24. Children usually experience complex emotions before they have an awareness of the self.
_____ 25. Some gender stereotypes are false beliefs.