BUS 3061 Capella University A

Assessment 4 Instructions: Accounting Theory and Merchandising Organizations

  • PRINT
  • Answer questions about accounting theory and merchandising accounting.

    Introduction

    A legal firm’s operations are different than Ford or GM operations. Lawyers provide a service whereas Ford is a manufacturing business that needs to maintain an inventory of various parts used in their vehicles. Each requires its own accounting approach.We now delve into accounting theory in greater depth. Now that you have learned some accounting procedures, you are better able to relate these theoretical concepts to accounting practice. Accounting theory is a set of basic concepts, assumptions, and related principles that explain and guide the accountant’s actions in identifying, measuring, and communicating financial information.Your study of accounting began with service companies as examples because they are the least complicated type of business. You are now ready to apply the accounting process to a more complex business type: a merchandising company. This type of company is represented by manufacturers, wholesalers, and retailers.

    Overview

    This assessment focuses on accounting assumptions, concepts, principles, modifying conventions, objectives, qualitative characteristics, accounting policies, and the income statements for service and merchandising organizations. It requires knowledge of the following:

    • The effects of accounting assumptions on the accounting process.
    • The effects of accounting concepts on the accounting process.
    • How generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) affect financial reporting.
    • The impact of modifying conventions on the accounting process.
    • How accounting objectives, qualitative characteristics, and policies affect financial reporting.
    • The differences and similarities between income statements for service and merchandising organizations.
    • The methods used to determine the amount of merchandise inventory on hand.
    • How to use the gross margin percentage as a tool for financial analysis.

    Preparation

    Note: Accuracy in accounting is paramount so take your time and double-check your work for errors or omissions.

    Instructions

    Answer questions correctly. When you are satisfied with your responses, save and submit your template in the classroom.Step 1: Discuss the effects of the five major accounting assumptions on the accounting process.Step 2: Describe the five concepts’ impact on the accounting process.Step 3: Describe the five major accounting principles.Step 4: Describe the impact on the accounting process of the three modifying conventions.Step 5: Identify the accounting procedures of Principles, Assumptions, Concepts.Step 6: Complete the equations of merchandising accounting.Step 7: Describe the two methods used to determine merchandise inventory.

    Competencies Measured

    By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the following course competencies and assessment criteria:

    • Competency 1: Define accounting terminology and its application to accounting principles.
      • Describe the five major accounting principles.
      • Identify the accounting procedures of Principles, Assumptions, Concepts.
    • Competency 2: Apply accounting cycle strategies to manage business financial events.
      • Discuss the effects of the five major accounting assumptions on the accounting process.
      • Describe the five concepts’ impact on the accounting process.
      • Describe the impact on the accounting process of the three modifying conventions.
      • Complete the equations of merchandising accounting.
      • Describe the two methods used to determine merchandise inventory.
    • Competency 4: Convey purpose, in an appropriate tone and style, incorporating supporting evidence and adhering to organizational, professional, and scholarly writing standards.
      • Convey clear meaning through appropriate word choice and usage.

BUS 3061 Capella University A

You will describe elements of the accounting environment and prepare an income statement, balance sheet, and statement of retained earnings.

Introduction

Imagine you are trying to grow your business by attracting investors, clients, or securing a loan. You’ll need to tell a compelling story that demonstrates your understanding of business finance and the language it speaks—the language of accountants. Accounting is often called the language of business, and rightfully so, because effective business organizations set up an accounting information system to communicate data to help internal and external stakeholders make better decisions. Reporting the results of an organization’s business transactions to these stakeholders requires the preparation of financial reports such as a balance sheet (statement of financial position), retained earnings, and the income statements. Accurate preparations of these statements require essential accounting knowledge and skills.

Overview

In this assessment, you are required to:

  • Answer questions designed to test your knowledge of the basic accounting environment.
  • Prepare income, balance, and retained earnings statements.

Preparation

Note: Accuracy in accounting is paramount. Take your time and double-check your work for errors or omissions.

Scenario

For parts 2-4: Imagine that you have been given June 2010 financial transaction data provided by Moonlight Drive-In Theater and have been asked to prepare specified financial statements. This information is found in the Assessment 1 Template [XLSX].

Instructions?

Step 1: Describe the accounting environment.

Step 2: Prepare an income statement.

Step 3: Prepare a statement of retained earnings.

Step 4: Prepare a balance sheet.

Complete each of the following assessment parts in sequence using the Week 1 Assessment 1 Template [XLSX]. All parts of the template should be submitted together. Each template tab corresponds to one of the following assessment parts:

Part 1: Accounting Environment

Respond to the short-answer accounting environment questions found in the template on the “Accounting Environment” tab using proper grammar and language.

Part 2: Income Statement

Prepare an income statement for June 2010.

Part 3: Statement of Retained Earnings.

Prepare a statement of retained earnings for June 2010, using the information in Part 2.

Part 4: Balance Sheet.

Prepare a balance sheet as of June 30, 2010, using the information in Part 2.

Save and submit your completed template in the courseroom.

Competencies Measured?

By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the following course competencies and assessment criteria:

  • Competency 1: Define accounting terminology and its application to accounting principles.
    • Describe the accounting environment.
  • Competency 3: Prepare financial statements from accounting system data.
    • Prepare an income statement.
    • Prepare a statement of retained earnings.
    • Prepare a balance sheet.
  • Competency 4: Convey purpose, in an appropriate tone and style, incorporating supporting evidence and adhering to organizational, professional, and scholarly writing standards.
    • Convey clear meaning through appropriate word choice and usage.
References

Edwards, J. D., Hermanson, R. H., & Maher, M. W. (2011). Accounting principles: A business perspective, financial accounting (Chapters 1-8). Textbook Equity.

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