BIO 130 Grossmont Cuyamaca Co

Genetics Problems:

1) In guinea pigs, black fur is dominant over white fur. How could an animal breeder epermint whether a black guinea pig is homozygous or heterozygous?

2) A short stem, yellow pod pea plant is crossed with a true breeding long stem, green pod pea plant. Assuming that long stems are dominant to short stems, and green pods are dominant to yellow pods1) what are the genotypes and phenotypes of the F1 generation? and 2) the genotypes and phenotypes from a F1 x F1 cross?

3) In humans, hemophilia (bleeder’s disease) is a recessive, X-linked trait. Use a Punnett square to show the possible genotypes of offspring of a man who is a hemophiliac, and a normal, but heterozygous woman, where XH contains the normal clotting gene and Xh contains the gene for hemophilia.

4) Lesch-Nyhan syndrome is a metabolic defect caused by the lack of the enzyme hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl transferase (HGPRT). This disease is the result of an X-linked, recessive mutation and results in mental retardation, selfmutilation and early death. A normal man marries a woman who had a brother who died of LNS. Your are the genetic counselor who will advise them on the likelihood of their having a LNS baby. a) What are the possible genotypes for the woman? What is the man’s genotype? b) For each of the woman’s possible genotypes, what are the possible genotypes of her offspring and the implications for survival for each of them?

5) In tomatoes, red fruit color is dominant to yellow. Suppose a tomato plant homozygous for red is crossed with one homozygous for yellow. Determine the phenotype and genotype of a) the F1 offspring b) the offspring of a cross of the F1 back to the red parent c) the offspring of the F1 back to the yellow parent

6) In humans, the allele for free earlobes is dominant to the allele for attached earlobes. A woman with attached earlobes has children with a man who has free earlobes. a) what is the genotype of the woman? b) What is the genotype of the man? c) What proportion of their offspring will have attached earlobes?

7) Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a human autosomal genetic disorder in which the affected individual cannot metabolize the amino acid phenylalanine. The disease is characterized by severe mental retardation if left untreated. The disease is caused by homozygosity for a recessive, mutant allele. If two parents are heterozygous for the allele, what is the probability that their child will have PKU?

8) A couple with a newborn baby is troubled that the child does not resemble either of them. Suspecting that a mix-up occurred at the hospital, they check the blood type of the infant and find that it is type O. As the father is type A and the mother type B, they conclude that a mix-up must have occurred. Are they correct?

9)In the fly Drosophila, the allele for dumpy wings (d) is recessive to the normal longwing allele, (D) and the allele for white eye (w) is recessive to the normal red-eye allele (W). In a cross of DDWW with Ddww, what proportion of the offspring are expected to be “normal” (long wings and red eyes)? What proportion are expected to have dumpy wings and white eyes?

10)A farmer breeds a chicken with all white plumage with a chicken with all black plumage. All of the F1 offspring have bluish-gray plumage. When two of the bluishgray birds are crossed, black, white and bluish-gray offspring are produced. What is the mechanism of inheritance and the genotypes of the parents, F1’s and F2’s.

BIO 130 Grossmont Cuyamaca Co

This project is going to be a report where you will be acting as a genetic counselor to the parents of a one-year-old child who has been diagnosed with Cystic Fibrosis. You will be presenting information about the pair of variants (mutations) in which the child has inherited, that has caused Cystic Fibrosis, as well as potential treatment plans.

After convening with a geneticist, you found out that the child carries two different variants. Your assigned variants can be found at the bottom of the page. Spend time researching Cystic Fibrosis and find out more information about your variants. Use any resource at your disposal, (Examples; Hopkins CF (Links to an external site.), Cystic Fibrosis Foundation (Links to an external site.), CFTR2 (Links to an external site.) (Links to an external site.))

Your report should include the following:

– An introduction providing general information about CF as a disease and the basic genetics of the disease

– Background information for each of the two variants; what type of mutation occurred, what class of mutation, the % of population with the mutation, impact on function, screening methods

– Using the CFTR2 (Links to an external site.) website, how does the combination of the two variants impact the child; a general overview and summary; data on lung function, pancreatic insufficiency, pseudomonas infection

– Provide possible treatments for someone with these variants. *Are there any of the newer treatment (modulators) possible or will treatment for this be based on classic CF treatments?

– Include a works cited page and properly cite your resources in your report

– Make sure your report is well organized, clearly written, and professionally presented as well as having clear grammar, spelling and punctuation

*There are many old style standard therapies to treat CF, and there are the newer CFTR Modulator treatments. Which of these treatments might be useful for patients with your gene variant? As you do your database search, there will usually be some information that comes up about whether any of the newer modulator treatments is possible. There are other websites where you can find specific information if you google the specific name of one of the new modulator treatments. Otherwise you should look into some of the older, standard treatments for the disease.

Variant I: F508del Variant II: R117H

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