ASHFORD UNIVERSITY ACC 205 WEEK 3

Week Three Exercise Assignment

 

Inventory

 

 

 

1. Specific identification method. Boston Galleries uses the specific identification method for inventory valuation. Inventory information for several oil paintings follows.

 

Painting

Cost

1/2 Beginning inventory

Woods

$21,000

4/19 Purchase

Sunset

21,800

6/7 Purchase

Earth

31,200

12/16 Purchase

Moon

4,000

       

 

 

 

Woods and Moon were sold during the year for a total of $35,000. Determine the firm’s

 

a. cost of goods sold.

 

b. gross profit.

 

c. ending inventory.

 

2. Inventory valuation methods: basic computations. The January beginning inven­tory of the White Company consisted of 300 units costing $40 each. During the first quarter, the company purchased two batches of goods: 700 Units at $44 on February 21 and 800 units at $50 on March 28. Sales during the first quarter were 1,400 units at $75 per unit. The White Company uses a periodic inventory system. Using the White Company data, fill in the following chart to compare the results obtained under the FIFO, LIFO, and weighted-average inventory methods.

 

 

 

FIFO

    LIFO

Weighted Average

 

 

 

 

Goods available for sale

   $

$

$

Ending inventory, March 31

Cost of goods sold

           

 

 

 

 

 

3. Perpetual inventory system: journal entries. At the beginning of 20X3, Beehler Company implemented a computerized perpetual inventory system. The first transactions that occurred during 20X3 follow:

 

·         1/2/20X3 Purchases on account: 500 units @$6 =  $3,000

 

·         1/15/20X3 Sales on account: 300 units @ $8.50 = $2,550

 

·         1/20/20X3 Purchases on Account: 200 units @ 5 = $1,000

 

·         1/25/20X3   Sales on Account: 300 units @ $8.50 = $2,550

 

The company president examined the computer-generated journal entries for these transactions and was confused by the absence of a Purchases account.

 

a. Duplicate the journal entries that would have appearedon the computer printout under FIFO & LIFO

 

b. Calculate the balance in the firm’s Inventory account under each method.

 

c. Briefly explain the absence of the Purchases account to the company president.

 

 

 

 

 

4. Inventory valuation methods: computations and concepts.

 

 

 

Wild Riders Surfboard Company began business on January 1 of the current year. Purchases of surfboards were as follows:

 

 

 

Date

Quantity

Unit Cost

Total Cost

1/3

100

$125

$12,500

4/3

200

$135

$27,000

6/3

100

$145

$14,500

7/3

100

$155

$15,500

Total

500

 

$69,500

 

 

 

 

 

Wild Riders sold 400 boards at $250 per board on the dates listed below.  The company uses a perpetual inventory system.

 

 

 

Date

Quantity Sold

Unit Price

Total Sales

3/17

50

$250

$12,500

5/17

75

$250

$18,750

8/10

275

$250

$68,750

Total

400

 

$100,000

 

Instructions

 

a.       Calculate cost of goods sold, ending inventory, and gross profit under each of the following inventory valuation methods:

 

·         First-in, first-out

 

·         Last-in, first-out

 

·         Weighted average

 

 

 

b. Which of the three methods would be chosen if management’s goal is to

 

(1) produce an up-to-date inventory valuation on the balance sheet?

 

(2) show the lowest net income for tax purposes?

 

 

 

5. Depreciation methods. Mike Davis Enterprises purchased a delivery van for $40,000 in January 20X7. The van was estimated to have a service life of 5 years and a resid­ual value of $6,000. The company is planning to drive the van 20,000 miles annually. Compute depreciation expense for 20X8 by using each of the following methods:

 

a. Units-of-output, assuming 17,000 miles were driven during 20X8

 

b. Straight-line

 

c. Double-declining-balance

 

6. Depreciation computations. Alpha Alpha Alpha, a college fraternity, purchased a new heavy-duty washing machine on January 1, 20X3. The machine, which cost $2,000, had an estimated residual value of $100 and an estimated service life of 4 years (1,800 washing cycles). Calculate the following:

 

a. The machine’s book value on December 31, 20X5, assuming use of the straight-line depreciation method

 

b. Depreciation expense for 20X4, assuming use of the units-of-output depreciation method. Actual washing cycles in 20X4 totaled 500.

 

c. Accumulated depreciation on December 31, 20X5, assuming use of the double-declining-balance depreciation method.

 

 

 

7. Depreciation computations: change in estimate. Aussie Imports purchased a specialized piece of machinery for $50,000 on January 1, 20X3. At the time of acquisition, the machine was estimated to have a service life of 5 years (25,000 operating hours) and a residual value of $5,000. During the 5 years of operations (20X3 – 20X7), the machine was used for 5,100, 4,800, 3,200, 6,000, and 5,900 hours, respectively.

 

Instructions

 

a. Compute depreciation for 20X3 – 20X7 by using the following methods: straight line, units of output, and double-declining-balance.

 

b. On January 1, 20X5, management shortened the remaining service life of the machine to 15 months. Assuming use of the straight-line method, compute the company’s depreciation expense for 20X5.

 

c. Briefly describe what you would have done differently in part (a) if Aussie Imports had paid $47,800 for the machinery rather than $50,000 In addition, assume that the company incurred $800 of freight charges $1,400 for machine setup and testing, and $300 for insurance during the first year of use.

 

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